According to UNICEF, bullying is a spectrum of intentional aggressive behavior or violence that is carried out repeatedly by an individual or a group of individuals against one or multiple victims where there is a real or perceived imbalance of power. Bullying can take multiple forms: verbal bullying, physical bullying, social bullying and cyber bullying.
Bullying is classified into 4 types: Verbal Bullying, Physical Bullying, Social Bullying and Cyber Bullying.
Teasing, name-calling, mocking, labelling, threatening, slandering, defaming or using inappropriate words that are meant to hurt others.
Hitting, punching, kicking, slapping, spitting, damaging property or belongings of someone else, or other forms of violence with the intention to hurt a person’s body.
Neglecting, excluding, scorning, and other forms of actions that are meant to alienate someone from his or her community.
Mocking or intimidating someone through electronic means such as but not limited to text messages and social networks (ex: video recording or defaming others through social networking sites).
Symptoms of People Who Experience Bullying
Not all symptoms of bullying is visible or apparent to the naked eye. However, there are a number of identifiable characteristics and symptoms to be noted.
• Often disturbed by others
• Always prefers to be alone
• Avoids or rejects invitations to hang out
• Physical injury
• Physical complaints
• Sleeping difficulties
• Loss of appetite
• Looks worried and unhappy
• Changes in mood and behavior
• Uncontrollable anger
• Reluctant to go to school
• Decrease in academic performance, achievement and concentration
• Reluctant to participate in class activities
• Often leaves class
Dangers of Bullying
Do you know that bullying has the potential to cause traumatic stress that negatively affects the victim’s mental health. Unfortunately, there are reported cases in which bullying incidents end in suicide.
Bullying causes fear and psychological stress
Bullying causes resentment
and perpetuates the culture of
Bullying threatens people’s
Bullying Can Happen Anywhere
Who Are Bullied
Revenge, violence and other criminal acts are not the correct responses to bullying. You must think and act positively at all times even if it is hard to do. The following are some actions that you may consider doing if you are bullied:
Remain confident and brave in facing bullying
Keep all evidence of bullying that you can show to authorities. For example, in the case of cyber bullying, you may want to save messages as evidence
Speak up & report to those who you trust
Surround yourself with supportive friends who make a positive impact in your life
Do you know that family members play a role in creating a bully-free generation? Here are some steps that can help keep your children away from bullying.
Know your children well
Maintain a harmonious relationship amongst parents
Maintain a bullying-free environment for your children
Listen to your children and provide them with support
Teach your children about the value of friendship
Do you know that teachers take an important role in creating a healthy friendship in school? Teachers need to get involved in the efforts to prevent bullying through some of these things:
Emphasize the importance of friendship
Encourage students to be pro-social, active, and accomplished
Build open and effective communications between teachers & students