According to UNICEF, bullying is a spectrum of intentional aggressive behavior or violence that is carried out repeatedly by an individual or a group of individuals against one or multiple victims where there is a real or perceived imbalance of power. Bullying can take multiple forms: verbal bullying, physical bullying, social bullying and cyber bullying.

Forms of

Bullying is classified into 4 types: Verbal Bullying, Physical Bullying, Social Bullying and Cyber Bullying.

Verbal Bullying

Teasing, name-calling, mocking, labelling, threatening, slandering, defaming or using inappropriate words that are meant to hurt others.

Physical Bullying

Hitting, punching, kicking, slapping, spitting, damaging property or belongings of someone else, or other forms of violence with the intention to hurt a person’s body.

Social Bullying

Neglecting, excluding, scorning, and other forms of actions that are meant to alienate someone from his or her community.

Cyber Bullying

Mocking or intimidating someone through electronic means such as but not limited to text messages and social networks (ex: video recording or defaming others through social networking sites).

Symptoms of People Who Experience Bullying

Not all symptoms of bullying is visible or apparent to the naked eye. However, there are a number of identifiable characteristics and symptoms to be noted.


• Often disturbed by others
• Always prefers to be alone
• Avoids or rejects invitations to hang out


• Physical injury
• Physical complaints
• Sleeping difficulties
• Loss of appetite


• Looks worried and unhappy
• Changes in mood and behavior
• Uncontrollable anger
• Reluctant to go to school


• Decrease in academic performance, achievement and concentration
• Reluctant to participate in class activities
• Often leaves class

Dangers of

Do you know that bullying has the potential to cause traumatic stress that negatively affects the victim’s mental health. Unfortunately, there are reported cases in which bullying incidents end in suicide.

Bullying causes fear
and psychological stress

Bullying causes resentment
and perpetuates the culture of

Bullying threatens people’s

Bullying Can Happen Anywhere



Surrounding Environment

For You
Who Are Bullied

Revenge, violence and other criminal acts are not the correct responses to bullying. You must think and act positively at all times even if it is hard to do. The following are some actions that you may consider doing if you are bullied:

  • Remain confident and brave in facing bullying
  • Keep all evidence of bullying that you can show to authorities. For example, in the case of cyber bullying, you may want to save messages as evidence
  • Speak up & report to those who you trust
  • Surround yourself with supportive friends who make a positive impact in your life


Do you know that family members play a role in creating a bully-free generation? Here are some steps that can help keep your children away from bullying.

  • Know your children well
  • Maintain a harmonious relationship amongst parents
  • Maintain a bullying-free environment for your children
  • Listen to your children and provide them with support
  • Teach your children about the value of friendship


Do you know that teachers take an important role in creating a healthy friendship in school? Teachers need to get involved in the efforts to prevent bullying through some of these things:

  • Emphasize the importance of friendship
  • Encourage students to be pro-social, active, and accomplished
  • Build open and effective communications between teachers & students

Let's Prevent Bullying